An overview of Data Center Security?
Protecting a server farm against intruders and malicious insiders is the responsibility of both the facility's physical administrators and its IT staff, who employ both virtual and physical safeguards. A network hub that accommodates IT framework, which is made up of networked computers and storage that are used to establish, course, and store enormous amounts of data.
It lowers the operational costs of centralized networks and servers for private enterprises who are making the transition to the cloud. Services including data storage, backup and recovery, data administration, and networking are all offered by data hubs. It must have both electronic and physical security because of the confidential nature of the data they store, such as client details and intellectual property.
Who Cares About Data Center Security and Why?
Any firm that relies on a physical server for all or part of its operations should implement physical and network privacy procedures to guard content against loss, manipulation, and theft. Today, every firm is a tech company; few can operate without it. Most firms have switched from paper to digital, and most information is now in a computer. Every enterprise must protect the statistics in their network infrastructure.
Because a server farm stores daily business information, apps, and services, enterprises must safeguard it. Without an accurate data hub security, valuable company or consumer information might be exposed or stolen. This type of data leak can be financially and reputationally devastating. Data breaches can ruin certain firms.
Technological progress means security threats grow quickly. More virtualized data hub technologies require infrastructure-level security. Software-integrated security allows for a finer-grained security strategy, as well as better agility and adaptability.
Physical Data Center Security
Protecting server farms from physical harm is a need. Location, physical access controls, and monitoring systems are all examples of physical security controls that contribute to the safety of a cloud server.
When designing a computing infrastructure, it is essential to incorporate a full zero trust analysis into the IT architecture in addition to the standard physical security measures (cameras, locks, etc.) taken. Understanding the security mechanisms and Service Level Agreements in place is essential as businesses shift on-premises IT systems to cloud service providers, cloud data storage, cloud infrastructures, and cloud apps.
Placement of computer servers requires several factors to ensure safety:
- A location safe from hurricanes, tornadoes, and other forms of severe weather.
- A generic exterior design without any identifying firm branding.
- Physical obstructions to prevent forceful access.
- No easy way in.
- Physical Access Controls
Defense in depth is an integral part of the best practices. This necessitates establishing a hierarchical system of separations, with individual access controls, in order to achieve the desired level of protection.
For instance, biometric scanners could be used for initial entrance, with a sign-in verification by security personnel. Once inside the core network, the various sections will be partitioned off and access to each zone will be validated. Furthermore, all restricted parts of the institution are under constant surveillance via cameras.
- Building Protection
It is important to protect all entry points in the cloud vs DCS. Things like these are included:
- Securing access from remote technicians who maintain the facility with MFA, granting them access just as required for their task, and ensuring their device is secure before allowing entry.
- Protecting the infrastructure that runs the building, including as the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, the elevators, and any Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
- Preventing sideways movement by isolating industrial connections from building systems and wireless networks.
- Monitoring the state of the connections in real-time to detect the introduction of new Internet of Things (IoT) appliances or unauthorized wireless entrance points.
Virtualization technology has been increasingly commonplace over the past several years, and as a result, it is now possible to abstract the servers, networks, and storage that comprise a network infrastructure. Because of this abstraction, IT administrators are able to control servers from a distance, depending on automation tools to handle the operations of data centers and quickly dispersing workloads across several servers. Several different cloud businesses are now in a position to include public cloud services into their already-existing networks thanks to the use of virtualization. The fact that the management of cloud infrastructure takes place via software results in a gain in flexibility, yet, this results in an increase in the data center's sensitivity to cyber attacks.
Some of today's software for computers and other devices has security features or is built with firewalls and intrusion detection systems in mind. CIOs might use this software to regulate who gets access to the data center based on a set of policies that are based on the user's identification. The policies would be determined by the program. IT departments can use a tried-and-true method such as two-factor identification to make sure that only authorized users are able to access a network that is connected to the computer system. In this method, a user's identity is confirmed by asking for something that they know (such as a password) and using something that they have (such as a security token) (like a cell phone).
The software that stops unauthorized persons from accessing the information stored in a data center or stealing that information may also be used to back up the information that is stored in the data center.
Data Center Security Levels
In a server farm, safety is broken down into "levels." Companies who commit their information to a certain provider should pay attention to the categories the provider offers. Businesses with stringent compliance requirements need to identify cloud service providers that use server farms that meet those principles. A higher score indicates a more stringent level of security at the cloud server. Uptime guarantees or data center security requirements are also calculated using the various "tiers".
- Tier 1 security is the most basic. Small organizations that don't hold sensitive info and have overabundance usually use it. The SLA for most cloud services is 99.671% uptime, which translates to 28.8 downtime hours year.
- Tier 2 is utilized by colocation companies. The company has a lot of its own infrastructure, but they need to failover or distribute resources to the server farm without depending on it. Both Tier 1 and Tier 2 cloud services have one source of power and cooling, so if these fail, the hub and its customers could experience downtime. They guarantee 99.741% uptime or 22 hours per year.
- Tier 3 security surpasses Tiers 1 and 2. This tier uses dual power and cooling, boosting its uptime. Customers won't experience downtime if redundant resources fail. Maintenance doesn't require downtime too. They guarantee 99.982% uptime, or 1.6 hours of annual downtime.
- Tier 4 privacy gives redundancy on all resources, reducing downtime for major companies. They rarely cause downtime. They have 99.99% uptime and 26.3% downtime.
Data Center Security Standards
Each storage system has its own firewall rules, but most follow worldwide criteria. Customers seeking for a cloud provider should look for a compliant hub.
The list below provides a quick description of SOC levels and security in data center:
- SOC 1 covers financial application hosting practices. This study covers any data center-hosted application that handles financial data.
- SOC 2 applicable to any SaaS organization with a storage hub. A common audit. Auditors will assess cybersecurity strategy and processes to ensure data integrity and confidentiality.
- A SOC 3 audit is the same as a SOC 2 report, except it's meant for public inspection to confirm SOC 2 compliance.
Learn the difference between SOC 1 vs SOC 2 vs SOC 3
How Wallarm Can Help?
Whether you need to safeguard your brand-new cloud-native APIs or your existing web applications, the Wallarm API Security platform, one of the best solutions to protect APIs and apps, provides all the features necessary to protect your organization from rising threats. Powered by Wallarm, you can avail the following services particularly out of many:
GoTestWAF automates API testing by generating recommendations with standard, predefined payloads and API-specific invasions (REST or SOAP, XMLRPC). It then sends them to the software, which processes the comebacks and produces a report that may be viewed in the console or downloaded as a PDF.
The ideal approach of action is to implement web protective measures in accordance with your necessities and the API's intended use. It involves auditing, monitoring, and testing your APIs to ensure they satisfy high protection standards.
If cost is a problem, you can determine options depending on the severity of data an API lets users access in your program.
Use first-class Cloud Web Application and API Protection (WAAP) for REST, SOAP, WebSocket, graphQL, and gRPC APIs. With a DNS update, Wallarm Cloud WAF secures applications, APIs, and FaaS workload.