Across the boundless terrain of cyberspace, databases operate as the gold mines of priceless data. They function as the storehouses of vital information that fuels the operations of businesses, governmental bodies, and various other organizations. However, these databases are by no means invincible when it comes to threats. In the dim recesses of the digital landscape, harmful entities are hidden, eagerly awaiting a chance to breach and corrupt these data reserves. This introductory chapter is designed to illuminate these dangers, offering an all-inclusive comprehension of database assault techniques and their possible repercussions.