A08:2021 OWASP – Software and Data Integrity Failures
Humans in today’s digital world are surrounded by software and applications. For almost all of your day-to-day personal and professional work, we have an application or software to assist us. However, they are not as useful as they seem.
If not guarded by enough API security measures, the application/software we use acts as a means for a hacker to reach you. That explains why a cyber-attack is taking place every 39 seconds.
OWASP Top 10, a well-recognized entity educating people about the problem-causing threat, recently updated the list. A08:2021, the latest vulnerability in OWASP’s most-recent list, is something any software user should be familiar with. Let’s learn more about it.
A08:2021 is the new entrant and talks about the seen/unseen dangers that modern-era software/applications bring with them.
Often called as Software and Data Integrity Failures OWASP, it talks about the assumptions linked with critical CI/CD pipeline, data handling, and software update integrity failure. In layman's language, when one uses software/application/critical data without adhering to best verification or authentication practices, multiple threats approaches and A08:2021 covers all of them.
Not going through with the authentication process creates an opportunity for hackers/threat actors to gain authorized access to restricted applications/software. Once that happens, they are allowed to cause endless havoc such as malicious code injection, data theft, and controlling the application/software operation.
Examples of Attacks
Some common examples of A08:2021 are:
When end-user updates happen devoid of signing
Many applications/software come with auto-update features and don’t comply with the user-verification process using the digital signing mechanism. Such unsigned update incidences provide an opportunity for threat actors to corrupt the targeted system/software. This could be a serious issue and has no direct fix. The only remedy is to fix the issue in the future version only.
The incidence of insecure deserialization
Incidence deserialization occurs when a React application uses Spring Boot microservices and programmers struggle hard to make sure the code used remains unalterable. To make this happen, programmers generally perform user state serialization. If that’s not done correctly, an attacker can easily figure out the “r00” Java object signature. Using the Java Serial Killer tool, the threat actor can perform remote code execution.
A hacker identifies the agency's insecure CI/CD pipeline and installs malicious code that gets into production.
Customers unknowingly download malicious code from the agency's replacement servers.
The malicious replacement connects to the customer's environment and the hacker uses it to gain access to the customer's network.
Even though this vulnerability is capable of causing damage beyond one’s imagination, measures like continual monitoring, use of efficacious tools/technology, and adoption of best authentication/verification practices can bring great relief.
Here are some of the best and viable preventive methods for A08:2021:
To make sure the software or critical data delivered is coming from a trusted resource, use digital signatures.
It’s important that dependencies as well as libraries used by software/applications are using verified repositories and have restricted access. Users of high-risk profiles are suggested to use a well-inspected repository hosted internally.
Codes used for software/application generation must go through extensive testing during the development phase and whenever configuration changes are made. It improved the code security and reduced risk of the A08:2021 appearing in OWASP Top 10 2022.
Use of software chain security Aids
Utilizing tools like OWASP CycloneDX or OWASP Dependency-Check helps security professionals to find out whether or not the application/software components feature any sort of vulnerabilities.
Follow Pipeline Deployment Standard
The CI/CD pipeline used for software/application development should feature appropriate segregation, access control, and configuration. This helps in code flow integrity during the entire development and execution phase.
Encrypt and Validate All Data
It's very crucial to make sure that any unencrypted or unverified data is not shared with any unauthorized resource. All data, before sharing, must go through an extensive integrity check or be backed by a digital signature. This practice helps one to spot any tampering or replay related incidents related to your data/serial processes.
How Wallarm can help with Software and Data Integrity Failures?
Wallarm is an online platform offering 100% efficacious end-to-end API security solutions that work on all the leading APIs such as REST, gRPC, graphQL, and so on. It offers a multi-facet preventive solution to improve cybersecurity and reduce the Software and Data Integrity Failures impact.
With Cloud WAF, one can keep serverless workloads and API secure in simple steps. It lets you enjoy the best CDN benefits, gives near-zero false positives and helps you meet PCI DSS compliances. Attacks like account takeover, API abuse, and misconfiguration, can be stopped early with Wallarm Cloud WAF.
The end-to-end API Security and Threat Prevention platform of Wallarm offers everything needed to ensure through-and-through cyber-safeguarding. You can detect issues in their beginning stage, respond to them with a protective strategy, and test the efficacy of applied security measures. The platform features great API integration abilities and can test any kind of API in any sort of ecosystem.
GoTestWAF will help you test the security level of your APIs and spot any hidden loopholes. The tool will help you test the APIs in a near-reality ecosystem using the high-end simulation. One can generate need-based corrupted codes and insert them into API and systems to find out how strong is the security of both. The tool supports assorted API protocols and is a must-have for enhanced API safety seekers.
What is OWASP, and how does it relate to software and data integrity failures?
OWASP stands for Open Web Application Security Project. It is a non-profit organization that helps individuals and organizations improve the security of their software and web applications. OWASP provides resources and best practices to prevent software and data integrity failures.
What are some common software and data integrity failures?
There are many software and data integrity failures, such as SQL injection attacks, cross-site scripting, under protected APIs, unsecured communication channels, and insecure authentication or authorization processes. These failures can lead to data loss, data manipulation, and system crashes.
How can I prevent software and data integrity failures?
To prevent software and data integrity failures, it is recommended to follow best practices for secure coding, testing, and deployment. It's also important to keep software up-to-date with the latest security patches and to use security tools such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
How can I learn more about software and data integrity failures?
OWASP provides a wealth of information and resources on software and data integrity failures. The website also offers training, certification, and community support for developers and security professionals.
What is an example of a software and data integrity failure that caused a major data breach?
The Equifax data breach in 2017 was caused by an unpatched vulnerability in the Apache Struts framework. This failure allowed hackers to access sensitive personal and financial data of millions of customers. (source: CNN)